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Unfortunately the President  and Editor of the symposium ODERA ORUKA died too early - very busy after the conference much was still in the air or was jsut getting on "air" when he had a car accident in December. Me, the author and presenter, Heiner Benking, heard him talk on the radio the night before on the way to the airport speaking out lound and clear after such a great success with Bishop Tutu, the Gandhi Society and many Countries and International Institutions attending. A conference which had been planned for some time (since 1993 after the WFSF in Turku) with lots of care and energy, and with the help of the Finnish and Dutch governments to make a difference - not only for Africa.

Except a very few selected papers only the results of Group IV have been published with WFSF and later in Europe with the Information Society Forum. Too bad, maybe other subjects ahve no lobby or can not tell their price?

I recently learned that a special edition in honour of ODERA ORUKA is planned by Wim Van Binsbergen , but I feel much is lost about these critical times in the 90ies, there is a big void "before the Internet"...

Pls. see also: SAGACIOUS REASONING of Odera Oruka and the unpublished and the unpublished Eco-philosophy, Poverty, and the Future section. In Memoriam this was later published - have a look at Practical Philosophy: In Search of an Ethical Minimum, Nairobi 1997 and in 2008: Environmental challenges Africa.

I recommend the Polylog Journal for further details and discussions. It provides 27 "hits" when you search for "Odera Oruka".

* Authors' Organizations

(a) FAW - Research Institute for Applied Knowledge Processing, Ulm, Germany
(b) School of Health Information Science, University of Victoria, Canada
(c) WHO - Chairman of the Global Advisory Committee on Health Research (ACHR) -
                  Institute for Occupational and Social Medicine, University of Ulm, Germany
(d) Turku School of Economics and Business Administration, Finland Futures Research Centre, Turku, Finland
(e) Frankfurt Institute for Economic and Public Policy Research (Frankfurter Institut), Bad Homburg, Germany
(f) European Commission, Brussels, Belgium

see also:

WFSF Proceedings Volume:

To much regret and despair the primary urge of the presenting and lead author, the follow-up with a topic from the last WFSF 1993 in Turku, (group 3) was never published. It's important focus is on ECO-PHILOSOPHY /ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS so please visit the WFSF in TURKU 1993 with focus on Education, and a text in the web at that time.

Group IV, Futures and Economy
Robust Paths to Global Stability: 
Tough but Feasible *
H. Benking (a), G.W. Brauer (b), T.M. Fliedner(c), C. Greiner (a), P. Malaska(d), K. Morath (e), R. Pestel (f),  F.J. Radermacher (a)

Group III, Eco-Philosophy / Environmental Ethics
THE OPTICS OF ETHICS - Scales Horizons, Proportions, and Consequences in Perspective
Heiner Benking (a)


Editor and President
H. Odera Oruka, 
Nairobi, July 1995

Unfortunately only the Group IV presentation was published in a small volume of selected papers in the WFSF proceedings

and a year later at an  INFORMATION SOCIETY Symposium.

please see also:, the full ROBUST PATHs paper.

The main author would like to invite you to see the links of the OPTICS OF ETHICS and other papers which were placed but not in such an outstanding and critical for the times place, such as SHOW or SCHAU: (1988-2000),   Ethics with SPACE and TIME HORIZON (1993) -  and how the proposed superstructure is now part of systems community -  and LAST NOT LEAST highlight the main recommendations of the paper for Group IV here:


 The inability to sustain the present global situation can be characterized by three critical trends:

  • overpopulation and continuing population growth, especially in the developing countries;
  • over consumption and accelerating resource exploitation, primarily in the developed countries, but increasingly also in various countries in transition to a higher state of development;
  • social disintegration, caused by an increase in the (by now, excessive) speed of innovation processes in all areas; processes which are being driven by technological and economical dynamics, but which are not being societally controlled, and which are leading to growing unemployment, social unrest and corresponding threats to social security systems.